Tomorrow (2) the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) will announce a commitment signed by more than 100 leaders promising to halt and reverse deforestation and land degradation by 2030. Together, participating countries hold more than 85% of the world’s forests and include Brazil and Canada The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Russia, Colombia and Indonesia.
To support compliance with the agreement, approximately 12 billion US dollars (68 billion Brazilian reals) in public funding will be mobilized from 12 countries (the United Kingdom, Norway, the Republic of Korea, the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Japan, France, the United States, Canada, the European Union and Germany) 2021-2025. The idea is to support developing countries in actions such as restoring degraded lands, fighting forest fires, and supporting the rights of indigenous communities.
In addition, the private sector has pledged to provide more than 7 billion US dollars (about 40 billion Brazilian reais). The CEOs of more than 30 financial institutions have also pledged to de-invest in activities related to deforestation. Of this total, $3 billion (17 billion R$) is expected to go to the Innovative Financing Initiative for the Amazon, Cerrado and Chaco (IFACC), which aims to boost soybean production and deforestation-free livestock in Latin America.
The Glasgow Leaders Declaration on Forests and Land Use will be announced Tuesday morning, at an event with world leaders including British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, President of the United States, Joe Bidenand European Union Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.
In addition to this document, governments that account for 75% of global trade in commodities that could threaten forests (such as palm oil, cocoa and soybeans) should sign a new Declaration on Forestry, Agriculture and Commodity Trade committing to a joint agreement. A set of measures to provide sustainable trade and reduce pressure on forests. This should include supporting small farmers and improving the transparency of supply chains.
For Colombian President Ivan Duque, this is a historic commitment. “Never before have so many leaders, from all regions, representing all types of forests, joined forces in this way and Colombia is committed to doing its part. Latin America’s ambitious goals – protecting 30% of our land and ocean resources by 2030 must include Partnership with businesses, the financial sector, small farmers, indigenous peoples and local communities.
Hope and Fear
Anna Yang, Executive Director of the Sustainability Accelerator at Chatham House, celebrated the agreement: “The Forest Deal is a major global effort to reduce deforestation. It suggests that deforestation-free supply chains should be the norm—a critical first step to protecting our forests.” However, she notes that for a long-term solution, “the international community must also help ensure that the social and economic needs and aspirations of the people who live in and around forests are met.”
Joseph Itungwa Mukomo, indigenous Walikale from the Democratic Republic of the Congo and coordinator of the Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities Network for the Sustainable Management of Forest Ecosystems, comments: “We are pleased to see indigenous peoples mentioned in the Forest Agreement. Economic sectors are pushing for secure tenure for communities, not only because it is the right thing to It needs to be done, but because it is appropriate – and indeed urgent – in light of the evidence that we represent an effective and unexplored solution to deforestation that they have not been able to do. They have stopped on their own.” The Congo Basin is home to the world’s second largest rainforest, which is threatened by industrial logging, mining, and agriculture.
For Simon Lewis, Professor of Global Change Sciences at University College London, the big challenge is not signing the agreement, but achieving it. “The fact that indigenous peoples have finally been recognized as primary protectors of forests is particularly welcome, along with additional funding for rainforest nations and commitments by consumer countries and companies to clean up their supply chains. The real challenge is not making announcements, but introducing synergistic and interconnected policies and actions that actually reduce of deforestation globally. Close monitoring of the implementation of each initiative is essential to success.”
For Mario Mantovani, of SOS Mata Atlântica, it is important that the environmental agenda generates a lot of mobilization. “Today it is very clear that sustainability and climate issues are no longer just environmentalists’ talk. I see here a lot of people from the field of economics, business people, people I haven’t seen in other COPs,” he said. reverberation.
in a Opening speech at COP 26, In this second (first) local activist Txai Surui has already advocated the urgent need to ensure a future of less deforestation. “It’s not 2030 or 2050, it’s now! Indigenous peoples are at the forefront of the climate emergency and we must be at the heart of the decisions being made here. We have ideas to postpone the end of the world,” she said.
a reverberationTxai also stressed the importance of protecting indigenous peoples: “I am here to send the message that there is no climate justice without social justice for indigenous peoples. And that we will continue to resist regardless of the results that come out of here.”
(in collaboration with Flora Betancourt and Camilla Camillo, from Glasgow, Scotland)
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