Among the wide list of behaviors generally described as corruption, we usually associate this phenomenon with the exercise of public office, also defined as variations in the private sector, based on the misuse of a public power or function in order to benefit a third party, in exchange for payment or any other type of Advantages.
As we know, the legislation of other countries – such as the US, UK or Spain – is looking at the extraterritorial applicability of this system, which has specified the intensification of operations and controls in sectors with greater exposure. This is the context, moreover, of the need to maintain specific controls in terms of human resources (employment of family members public service policeman under distinct circumstances) or accounting (which, in particular in terms of and Mandatory From American bases, you take the lion’s share of effective convictions).
The National Anti-Corruption Strategy (hereinafter referred to as “ENCC”) is based on 7 priorities: (1) Improving knowledge, training and institutional practices in matters of transparency and integrity. (2) preventing and detecting corruption risks in the public sector; (3) Involving the private sector in preventing, detecting and prosecuting corruption; (iv) Strengthening the interdependence between public and private institutions; (5) ensuring a more effective and standardized application of legal mechanisms in matters of suppressing corruption, (6) improving the response time of the judicial system and ensuring the adequacy and effectiveness of punishment; (7) periodically produce and disseminate reliable information on the phenomenon of corruption; (7) International cooperation in combating corruption.
Aside from the more scrutinized and debated issues, which are largely driven by the current media, i.e. unjustified enrichment and measures to achieve some degree of simplification of the procedural structure (and to avoid so-called “mega-processes”), we highlight the need to develop the public system to prevent corruption, which provides for the implementation, within the public administration and medium and large companies, of programs aimed at preventing and detecting illegal practices (so-called programs Commitment) and to protect managers or employees who denounce these practices (as requested by the European Union).
If it is about mechanisms Corruption Detector (And about protection whistleblower) We have already written here, the need to create and/or mature software Commitment In the private sector, it seeks through this to achieve risk assessment, design of controls and monitoring of their effectiveness in companies that have a different profile than the current one; Indeed, today we see very different maturity levels between companies that are listed (or, at least, companies that have been financed through the issuance of debt securities) or that are part of the various sub-sectors of the financial system, on the one hand, and companies of an industrial nature or that interact In some way with public authorities, especially if they rely on the acts, licenses or permits issued by them.
being mechanisms Corruption Detector A prerequisite for the effectiveness of these programs, since the intent of the legislator is to protect those who, in good faith, report any irregularities in the performance of the entities subject of this legislation, it is also necessary to ensure the effectiveness of this protection. Programs Commitment Therefore, it should include post whistleblowing monitoring activities, i.e. monitoring performance appraisal and assignment of tasks to those making complaints, as well as activities to enhance the existence of this type of mechanism.
More than that, a good strategy is futile if its implementation is not guided by standards of efficiency and a good dose of realism. If regulated sectors and those that have a more appropriate framework for establishing rules for sound and prudent management lack long periods of maturity, then sectors and entities that do not have a well-established risk management culture present a significant challenge so that the effectiveness of these measures is not hampered
However, in an economy that is expected to rely heavily on public spending (directly and indirectly) over the next few years, the signing of contracts or the allocation of public support must be contingent on an assessment of the effectiveness of public support programs Commitment. Only in this way will it be possible to start changing mindsets, processes and controls with the aim of effectively preventing bribery and corruption.
System [primário] from carrot sticks It is, for now, the vector of potential change. So the economy behaves in the current context.